Meillä on ilo kertoa, että Gendermob-konferenssin aulatilaan (jossa myös ilmoittautuminen on) pystytetään lahjakkaan joensuulaisvalokuvaajan, Henna…
Kutsuttujen puhujien abstraktit (ladattava PDF).
”Diasporic Neurology: pain, migration and debility”
In this lecture my focus is upon the interrelations between migration, pain and more recent feminist, queer and postcolonial discussions of ‘debility’ as a consequence of contemporary biopower and geo-politics that can include the slow wearing away of vulnerable populations (Lauren Berlant) and the ‘right to maim’ (Jasbir Puar). Drawing from my research with migrants and refugees in England who are dying in hospitals, hospices and in the community, I will use examples to show the importance of a critical politics of suffering that is attentive to how social injustice and violation can be lived and carried in the body. At times of disease and illness, socio-cultural difference can articulate with changing bio-chemistry to physicalise and buffet past experience into the present as well as providing sites of resistance to different forms of normativity. I will draw upon ideas about ‘social pain’ from hospice and palliative care approaches and the neurosciences and more longstanding social science discussions of ‘social suffering’ to discuss the challenges of recognising and alleviating pain and suffering that has become normalised.
”Seeking Sappho and Shopping in the Aegean: notes on two forms of gendered mobility”
The island of Lesbos is just across the way from the mainland of the Western coast of Turkey. During 2015, that location made it a key transit point for refugees traveling from troubled places, via Turkey, to the European Union area. For a time, Lesbos became part of a western-focused transnational field in which the refugees are discussed, negotiated, regulated (or not), managed, surveilled, researched, and moved – usually, moved on, until they get stuck somewhere else for a time, and have to wait until they are moved again.
Yet this status of the island as one of the key transit points for refugees is not the only transnational field of which Lesbos is a part. For some years, it has also been a part of an LGBTQ transnational field: the poet Sappho, who famously wrote about women who loved women, was from the island. Nineteenth century scholars trained in classical literature (who were not from Greece, nor from Lesbos), coined the term ‘lesbian’ to refer to women who love women. A century later, in the 1980s, women who identified with the term, mostly from the USA and the UK initially, began to visit the island for holidays. That is a second kind of transnational movement involving Lesbos.
A third transnational movement is the only one directly involving the residents of the island. It concerns women from Mytilene, the capital city, who occasionally take the weekly ferry to Ayvalik, a small coastal market town on the Turkish side, to shop at the street bazaar held there every Thursday. There are rumours that some of these women, almost all of whom are married, are not only shopping for market goods, but for something else as well. Here, the border between the Greek island and the Turkish mainland provides a separation that becomes the object of multiple different types of desire.
The paper will explore how Lesbos simultaneously becomes different forms of location, depending on its relations and separations with other locations – geographical, political, moral and epistemological.
”Multiple mobilities, manifold solidarities across and around the Mediterranean Sea”
The year 2015 marked a turning point in terms of unprecedented numbers of people crossing the Mediterranean Sea. Moreover, alongside organizations and previously existing groups, increasing numbers of lay residents became involved with migrants in their everyday settings and many travelled to most exposed hubs at different borders across the European territory to alleviate the suffering of those whom the official reception mechanisms failed to accommodate. Solidarity practices with people on the move also became more visible to wider audiences. This talk documents and analyses these processes in the making. The talk draws on insights gained via multi-sited ethnography with people labelled as undocumented, and solidarity advocates, stretching over several years. It focuses on different intersectional dimensions in these modes of action, reassessing gendered vulnerabilities and enactments of agency.
”’FromFinland with Love.’ Nykykirjallisuuden uudet kielet, kontekstit – ja valtasuhteet”
Suomalainen kirjallisuus ei 2000-luvulla ole ainoastaan suomen- tai ruotsinkielistä – tai saameksi tai jollakin muulla vähemmistökielellä kirjoitettua. Emmi Itäranta kirjoittaa ja julkaisee teoksensa suomeksi ja englanniksi, Zinaida Lindén puolestaan sekä ruotsiksi että venäjäksi. Epätavallista ei ole sekään, että silloin, kun teoksen pääkieli on suomi, teksti on monikielistä tai että kielikysymykset punoutuvat osaksi teoksen tematiikkaa. Samaan aikaan, kun kirjallisuuden monikielisyys ilmentää kansainvälistyvää ja transnationaalistaSuomea, kieli säätelee edelleen kuulumista kansakuntaan ja kirjallisuuden kenttään: esimerkiksi kirjallisuushistorioiden valossa suomen kieli on itsestään selvä kirjallisuuden kieli. Esitelmässäni käsittelen lähemmin sitä, miten nykykirjallisuudessa kielten välisiä valtasuhteita kuitenkin horjutetaan ja uudelleen järjestetään aktiivisesti, muun muassa huumorin keinoin.
”Mahdoton kotiinpaluu Alain Mabanckou’n matkakertomuksessa Lumières de Pointe-Noire”
Esitelmässäni tarkastelen Alain Mabanckou’n omaelämäkerrallista matkakertomusta Lumières de Pointe-Noire (2013), jossa nykyisin Los Angelesissa asuva tähtikirjailija palaa 23 vuoden tauon jälkeen lapsuutensa maisemiin Kongo-Brazzavilleen. Kiinnitän huomiota kirjailija-kertojan pyrkimykseen pakoilla matkakertomus-genren hänelle tarjoamaa (kriittisen) ympäristönsä havainnoijan positiota. Pohdin myös kerrontaa sävyttävää kiusaantuneisuuden tunnelmaa, joka kielii kirjailija-kertojan kyvyttömyydestä hyväksyä kotiinpaluun mahdottomuus. Tuon luennassani esille tekstin rakentaman turisti-kotiinpalaaja-position sukupuolitettuja ja luokkasidonnaisia ulottuvuuksia.
”Cross-Border Mobilities, Motherhood and Citizen Making in the Global North”
Drawing on ethnographic interviews with newcomer mothers in two urban settings, in Finland and in Canada, the presentation takes a focus on stories of an uncertain future and acts of citizenship in a state of insecurity.
”Transnational intimacies of class: against the grain of a unified household”
Transnationalism calls for the rethinking of conventional class categories and experiences, including the class unity of a family household. Yet transnational studies rarely discuss transnational households as a cross-class experience. A common transnational narrative evokes a working class migrant helping the family back home to achieve a middle class status through the transnational pulling of resources. Even though spouses’ divergent interests and emotional power plays are acknowledged they are not discussed in class terms and the independent class position of a non-migrant spouse are not given due consideration. In this presentation, I discuss the idea of a transnational family household as a cross-class unit underpinned by individual class positions and aspirations which affect the family power dynamics and mobility trajectories.
”Gendering highly skilled mobility: Insights into migrant women’s work-life interface”
Global highly skilled mobility is generally an underdeveloped field of research, especially in highly skilled migrant women. Female highly skilled migrants have often been overshadowed as subject-actors of highly skilled mobility (Boyd and Grieco 2003; Kofman 2013, 2015). This research area emphasized that gender dynamically structures migration and migrant integration processes, especially in the context of dual career life. However, many migration researchers still claim static and binary understandings of gender. Others have started to frame gender as a constructing factor of migration and build a more fluid understanding of gender and its nuanced role in migration processes. There are still questions that need answers as the unfolding of global and local developments in different ways (e.g. drivers, patterns and outcomes of mobility). This might exacerbate with pressures in the context of ethnicised, racialized or classed female migration experiences. This presentation surrounds work-life arrangements of highly skilled migrant women who work and/or live “abroad”, or in a transnational, or multi-local setting. How are various aspects life-work arrangements negotiated? What kind of role mobility plays both in shaping and experiencing their work-life situation? How are work-life arrangements in the context of mobility and migration viewed in a life course perspective? Which interplay of multi-level interferences (micro-meso-macro) shape the work-life arrangement and influence experience of mobility and work-life balance? This panel presentation aims to reflect upon and discuss these areas.
”Somalis in North Karelia making way to a multicultural periphery”
The paper addresses the disjunction between the theory and practice of citizenship through a case study concerning the settlement of Somali refugees in Lieksa, a small town in eastern Finland. Together with the audience I wish to ponder, what we can learn from their experiences and how researchers can contribute to a situation in which a whole town is rocked by a migration related conflict.
”Moroccan Urban poor and the mobile lifestyles between Morocco and Mediterranean Europe”
This presentation focuses on the contemporary developments within the field of transnational mobility between Europe and Western Africa, with particular focus on Morocco. My ethnographic data regarding emerging forms of mobile lifestyles in the region indicates that the global economic recession beginning in 2008, together with increasingly restrictive migration and border policy in the EU, have had far-reaching consequences to the patterns and the cultural logic of transnational mobility in the Western Mediterranean. It has become increasingly difficult to conseptualise some of these the newly emergent mobile lifestyles in the conventional analytic terminology of migration and mobility studies. My aim is to demonstrate this by offering ethnographic insights into the transnational movement of popular class (sha´bi) Moroccan men, who arrived in Spain as irregular migrants in the 1990s.
”Labeled, Stereotyped, but Fortunate: Case Studies of Changing Masculine Roles of Estonian men in Finland and Lithuanian Men in Norway”
The aim of our paper is to explore different masculine roles in transnational spheres and make a comparison between the Estonia-Finland and Lithuania-Norway contexts. Central questions are, what kinds of gender roles are acquired in a new culture, how being a man differs in Baltic and Nordic states and how mobile community members are seen back home? We are interested in opening up an insider’s perspective towards masculinity of groups of men working abroad, analysing how the men are depicting their colleagues, what are the main characteristics that are valued and what kinds of narratives are common about the compatriots abroad.
Itä-Suomen yliopisto, Joensuun kampus